Newsflash: Genesis broedt op Shooting Brake

0

+++ ALFA ROMEO has fuelled rumours that it is plotting a high-performance flagship version of its Giulia Quadrifolgio performance saloon. Alfa Romeo says it will unveil an important new model at the Geneva motor show, but gives no details about its design, purpose or name. An accompanying engine note, however, bears a strong similarity to that of the existing Giulia Quadrifoglio’s 2.9-litre V6, suggesting it could be a new variant of the performance saloon. An Alfa Romeo spokesperson told that more details will be given in the coming days. The Italian firm could revive its historic GTA nameplate for the new model, which is also expected to weigh around 20 kg less than the standard model. A new Quadrifoglio GTA would likely use an uprated version of the standard model’s V6 motor, with a quoted power figure of 620 hp representing a 113 bhp boost over the current Quadrifoglio. This would give the new model a significant power advantage over its BMW M3 and Mercedes-AMG C63 rivals. While Alfa Romeo sells the Quadrifoglio with a manual gearbox in the US, the new model will likely be sold exclusively with the 8-speed automatic ‘box we get in Europe. Rumours of the new super-saloon come just 2 months after Alfa Romeo stopped development of its long-awaited GTV sports coupe and a successor to the 8C supercar. Mike Manley, CEO of parent company FCA, told investors that the company’s portfolio plan has been “significantly scaled back, with a corresponding reduction in capital spending”. Shortly after, the firm’s 4C sports car was taken off sale. Any new high-performance version of the Giulia can be expected to be sold in extremely limited numbers, as the company’s 5 year product plan, revealed in November, detailed just 2 new models: the Tonale compact SUV and a slightly smaller B segment model. Currently the most potent variant of the Giulia Quadrifoglio on sale is the limited-run Racing Edition, which carries a bespoke motorsport-inspired paint scheme and gains 10 hp over the standard model, thanks to an Akrapovič titanium exhaust system. +++ 

+++ AUDI halted output of its e-Tron crossover to resolve production issues including battery-supply bottlenecks as it prepares to flank the model with a sportier variant, underscoring the struggles traditional automakers face to boost electric cars and challenge Tesla. Manufacturing at Audi’s factory in Brussels stopped on Thursday and the plant will remain idle until Tuesday, a company spokeswoman said. Audi sold about 26.400 e-Tron cars last year. Audi, Volkswagen Group’s largest profit contributor, had to delay the e-Tron’s market launch after its unveiling in September 2018. Audi recalled its first all-electric series model last year over potential fire risk. Former BMW executive Markus Duesmann will take over as CEO at Audi in April to accelerate restructuring efforts and try to restore the brand’s technological edge. In November, the company mapped out plans to cut roughly 15 % of its German workforce by 2025 as part of a broader push to lift earnings by €6 billion. Audi is suffering from a shortage of battery cells supplied from LG Chem’s factory in Poland. LG is Audi’s only cell supplier but the automaker is looking to get supplies from other battery companies. Battery shortages have also hit other automakers. Jaguar Land Rover is reducing production of the I-Pace due to battery supply issues from LG Chem’s Poland plant. Mercedes-Benz has denied a German media report that said it plans to cut planned production of the EQ C to 30.000 this year from 60.000. The problem partly stemmed from limited battery supplies from LG Chem. Mercedes parent Daimler said its production plans for the EQ C in 2020 had not been amended. +++ 

+++ CHINA ‘s top industry planner is likely to loosen up requirements on new energy vehicle production to better promote development, which is being thought of as a significant step for the industry. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is collecting opinions till March 10 on its draft amendments published earlier this month to current regulations concerning automakers and automobiles in a bid to facilitate production of new energy cars. According to the draft, the design and development capacity necessary for new energy vehicle production has changed to technical support capacity, which means new energy vehicle companies are allowed to outsource production of fuel carmakers instead producing them in-house. Currently, regulations on new energy cars are parallel to those on fuel cars. Enterprises engaged in new energy cars are required to be capable of design, development and production. Companies must obtain production and sales qualifications from the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Production qualification is an issue that also troubles most emerging vehicle makers. Only 13 companies have so far met sales qualifications, and 18 have the production qualification. Therefore, electric vehicle startups, including Nio and Xpeng, are turning to conventional carmakers to become production-compliant. Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of the China Passenger Car Association, told that further easing the entry, adopting a more open and inclusive regulatory will leave more choices for the companies. Other industry analysts said this is a significant opening-up step for China’s new energy vehicle industry and will make entrance and cooperation in the segment for conventional and foreign automakers easier. The facilitated entrance options will lead to a reduction in production costs for new energy cars. Lower production cost is important for development of new energy cars in China after the government cut subsidy rates for purchases of new energy cars sharply in 2019 and is likely to end them in 2021. The new energy vehicle subsidies introduced a decade ago have played an important role in turning the country into the top the market globally. The government set a timetable about 4 years ago to phase out subsidies by the end of this year. However, China may extend subsidies for electric vehicle purchases beyond this year in an effort to revive sales. Policymakers have also discussed the possibility on the back of China’s first annual decline in sales of new energy vehicles in 2019. The falloff in demand came after the government trimmed subsidies for buyers last July to help streamline the industry and make it less reliant on state support. Though the talks predate the emergence of the corona virus as a global threat, the outbreak has piled more pressure on the auto industry by causing halts in production and keeping people away from showrooms. Talks are at a preliminary stage and there is no guarantee the subsidies will be extended, the people said. As things stand, they are still set to be phased out at the end of 2020. According to China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, China’s new energy vehicle has declined for seven months in a row since July. Sales of new energy vehicles tumbled 54 % to 48.500 in January from a year earlier. Those figures were largely before the novel coronavirus outbreak, which has exacerbated the most severe downturn on record in China. Car sales in China plunged 92 % during the first 2 weeks of February as the coronavirus outbreak kept buyers away from showrooms, according to the China Passenger Car Association. Dealers gradually restarted operations during the second week of February, when daily sales of passenger cars stood at 4.098 units. Those figures still represented a decline of 89 % from a year earlier, Cui said. The industry association estimated that auto sales will rebound in April as pent-up demand unleashes if the epidemic is effectively contained by then. +++ 

+++ DAIMLER warned of a further crackdown on Mercedes-Benz diesel vehicles in Germany and boosted provisions for legal and regulatory costs that already crimped profit last year. The country’s motor industry watchdog, KBA, is likely to rule that other vehicles made by the luxury brand were also “equipped with impermissible defeat devices”, Daimler said Friday in its annual report, referring to banned software designed to bypass emissions tests. Daimler has temporarily halted delivery and registration of some models, according to the report. It boosted total provisions to €30.7 billion from €23 billion, with potential liability and regulatory costs more than doubling to €4.9 billion. Daimler also said complying with stricter emissions rules in some countries will be difficult. The automaker’s move indicates trouble ahead for its diesel cars. Daimler took a massive earnings hit in 2019 and slashed its payout to investors to the lowest level since the financial crisis, blaming an €870 million fine by German prosecutors and costs related to reducing diesel-car emissions. The penalty coincided with record spending to boost its electric-car lineup and expand software operations. Daimler is also putting aside €2 billion for restructuring costs. CEO Ola Källenius has acknowledged in recent months that meeting Europe’s tougher emission targets will be a challenge in the next two years because consumers may not move away from choosing combustion engines fast enough. Under the bloc’s rules, automakers face penalties if the average of the total passenger vehicles they sell exceeds a level of CO2 emissions. Mercedes, which makes large gasoline and diesel models in addition to battery-run models, plans to make use of so-called super credit incentives on electric and plug-in hybrid models to lower its average. Daimler’s supervisory board has created a six-member special committee to focus on legal affairs “against the backdrop of the complexity of the emissions and antitrust related proceedings”, it said in the report. The automaker could face a total of more than €1.5 billion in fines in 2020 and 2021 for missing European CO2 limits. To avoid such penalties, electric vehicles sales must account for about 10 % of total deliveries in the region by 2021, compared with about 2.8 % last year. The company’s average fleet emissions in Europe was 137 grams in 2019. Daimler must reduce this figure to 103 g/km by 2021 as part of the EU’s aim to reduce over fleet emissions from Europe’s new-car fleet to 95 g/km, according to a report from PA Consulting, who forecasts that the automaker’s 2021 emissions will be 114 g/km. Daimler also flagged potential economic disruption from the outbreak of the coronavirus in its largest market, China. Risks “may not only affect the development of unit sales, but may also lead to significant adverse effects on production, the procurement market and the supply chain”, Daimler said in the report. Last week, Källenius said it was too early to quantify the financial fallout. +++ 

+++ FIAT CHRYSLER AUTOMOBILES is restricting access to its European plants following the spread of the corona virus in northern Italy. The Italian engineering and design company Italdesign-Giugiaro has also closed its 2 facilities in Turin after an employee tested positive for the virus. Cases of coronavirus in Italy, the most affected country in Europe, have risen to more than 200, with 3 deaths, prompting the government to close off the worst-hit areas in northern parts of the country. Fiat Chrysler’s European home in Turin is the administrative center of the Piedmont region, where there have been 3 cases of the corona virus. In a letter to suppliers and visitors, FCA said access to all of its European facilities will be refused to those who have been in one of the 13 Italian municipalities affected by the virus outbreak. The letter also bans visits from anyone who has been in China or another Asian country in the past 15 days. People who have been in direct or indirect contact with others potentially infected by the virus are also excluded. An FCA spokesperson confirmed the letter. FCA sites in Italy are open and running business as usual, the spokesman said. FCA has no sites in the areas affected by the lock down. The majority of those affected by the corona virus are clustered around Codogno, 60 km southeast of Milan. Along with Codogno 12 towns have been subject to a lock down since Friday similar to the measures taken in China after the coronavirus outbreak started in Wuhan. Italdesign said on Sunday that it will suspend production activities at its two sites in Turin as a precaution after an employee who works at its Nichelino facility tested positive for the corona virus. The company said it is working to identify people who had contacts with the affected employee. Italdesign’s headquarters in the Turin suburb of Moncalieri have been closed. Italdesign has 928 employees in Italy, most of them at Moncalieri. About 100 work in the Nichelino facility. The company is owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group, which acquired it in 2010 from the family of its founder, the legendary designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. +++ 

+++ GEELY is launching a service in China for customers to buy cars online and get them delivered directly to their homes, in a bid to drum up sales as the corona virus outbreak prompts buyers to stay away from showrooms. Other automakers such as Tesla, BMW and Mercedes-Benz have also started to promote products heavily online in recent weeks as the health crisis escalated and authorities warned people to stay away from public places. Consumers can order and customize their cars on Geely’s website, it said in a statement. It will also offer test drives where potential consumers will be able to arrange a drive starting from their home address in coordination with local dealerships. The corona virus has killed 2.236 people and infected more than 75.400 in mainland China, and strict public health measures to contain its spread have severely disrupted business and consumer activity. Sales of passenger cars in China, the world’s largest auto market, plunged 92 % in the first 16 days of February compared with the same period a year earlier, data from one industry group showed. Victor Yang, a senior official at Geely, told promoting online sales will allow automakers to directly reach customers through sales and marketing and help them build experience should they want to continue to do so in future. Geely, which is China’s most globally-known automaker thanks to its investment in Volvo and Daimler, said that car production in February is around one-third of its usual monthly output, but around 90 % of workers will return to work by the end of this month, Yang said, adding the automaker has bought facial masks for workers and dealers. Geely has partnered with third-party online sales platforms including Tmall, JD.com and Suning.com in the past but it is the first time the Zhejiang-based automaker is selling cars through its website. Tesla, which is building cars from its $2 billion factory in Shanghai, has been promoting online sales for years. Nationwide car sales are likely slide more than 10 % in the first half of the year due to the outbreak, and around 5 % for the whole year, provided the epidemic is effectively contained before April, the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers said last week. +++

+++ GENESIS introduced their first SUV a little more than a month ago and now it appears the company is considering a shooting brake. Genesis CEO William Lee confirmed the company has a “study” for the G70 Shooting Brake. Lee apparently didn’t confirm plans for production, but the publication says the wagon would be based on the facelifted G70 which is expected to be introduced next year. The model is stated to adopt Genesis’ new design language which incorporates a crest grille and quad lighting units as seen on the GV80 and G90. Previous reports have also suggested the facelifted G70 will drop the turbocharged 2.0-liter 4-cylinder engine that produces 255 hp and 352 Nm. It is slated to be replaced by a new turbocharged 2.5-liter 4-cylinder that has 294 hp and 420 Nm. That’s a significant jump in performance, but the change could result in the 6-speed manual being dropped. Getting back to the wagon, the G70 Shooting Brake is believed be to a European-focused model which would help Genesis battle the Audi A4 Avant, BMW 3-Series Touring and Mercedes C-Class Estate. While Genesis hasn’t been launched in Europe, executives have previously suggested the brand could arrive in the next year or 2. It remains unclear if the G70 Shooting Brake could be offered in the United States, but it would be an interesting proposition as BMW and Mercedes don’t offer their entry-level wagons in America. Instead, buyers are limited to the Audi A4 Allroad and Volvo V60. +++ 

+++ With GLOBAL MOTOR SHOWS either being delayed or likely to be called off due to coronavirus concerns, automakers are likely to face setbacks in their plans to unveil their latest models, according to industry sources. Organizers of Asia’s largest auto event, Beijing Motor Show slated for April 21-30, have announced that it has been “indefinitely delayed”. The event has been “postponed until further notice”, and a decision will be taken after closely watching the progress of the corona virus outbreak, they said. Last year, China recorded 340 million registered vehicles, including 21 million cars newly registered that year. On February 12, the Mobile World Congress Barcelona was canceled for the first time in its 33-year history, roiling automakers who were preparing to roll out new autonomous driving technologies and business plans. MWC organizer GSMA canceled the event because of international concerns and travel advisories. The event attracts over 100.000 visitors from 200 countries, including some 6.000 Chinese visitors annually. Kia had announced that it planned to reveal its strategy for future vehicles at MWC, as well as the automation-based purpose based vehicle. Industry insiders are now paying attention to whether the Geneva Motor Show will be put on hold. Slated to kick off March 5; the 10-day event opens the auto show season in Europe. Hyundai plans to unveil the i20 at the event, targeting European customers, while Kia will exhibit the 4th-generation new Sorento. Mercedes-Benz intends to roll out a face-lifted version of its E-Class at the event. However, big-names such as Ford, Cadillac, Nissan, Citroen and Jaguar-Land Rover have already pulled out, citing cost savings. Domestic motor shows and related automotive events are keeping a close watch on the situation. Foreign carmakers have kept silent about whether they will participate in the biennial Busan International Motor Show slated for May 28 to June 7. According to the organizer, only BMW, Mini and Cadillac have registered to participate. Last year’s event was joined by 11 imported carmakers, including Mercedes-Benz, Toyota and Audi. +++ 

+++ China is an important market and the auto industry of GREAT BRITAIN foresees big cooperation potential with the country in the post-Brexit era, communications chief of the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders said. “China’s new car market went through exponential growth. It’s the biggest new car market in the world”, said Emma Butcher, SMMT’s head of communications, in an interview. Britain and the European Union are expected to start trade talks in March. Doubts still remain whether the trade talks could be wrapped up with a deal by the end of the transition period ending on December 31. “Hopefully we will get a free trade agreement. If not, the situation will be very serious”, Butcher said. She added if no agreement is reached between the two sides by the end of 2020, WTO rules would apply, under which car manufactures would face a 10 % tariff on finished vehicles and a tariff of up to 4.5 % on components. “There’s nothing you can do to mitigate against tariffs but to try to cut costs elsewhere”, Butcher said, adding that the industry already operates a lean procedure making cutting more costs very difficult in the first place. Since 4 out of 5 Britain-made cars are exported, with half going to the EU and two-thirds to nations with an EU trade deal, striking a deal with the EU is the priority for the car industry in Britain. However, as Britain’s third-largest car export destination following the EU and the United States, China is also a highly attractive market with huge potential. In June 2019, the SMMT signed a cooperation agreement with the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, which facilitates exchanges of information about market trends, business opportunities and trade between the 2 countries. Butcher spoke highly of the mutual cooperation, noting that both sides are doing a lot more work together in terms of innovation, collaboration on projects and investment. “It’s a real opportunity for more dialogue, more networking to understand the different regulatory frameworks between UK and China”, she said. “I hope it’s the beginning of something very special”. In Butcher’s eyes, the move to electrification and zero emissions is an aspiration shared both by Britain and China. Britain has the expertise for innovation and engineering while China is an important manufacturing hub and sales market, she said. China is also a very important market for premium and luxury British auto brands, she added. Well-known British car brands investing in China include Aston Martin, Rolls-Royce, Bentley, McLaren and Jaguar Land Rover. Butcher also praised China’s opening-up measures in recent years. She noted the measures will provide easier access for British car manufacturers to enter the Chinese market and work on a more level playing field. +++ 

+++ The Philippine unit of HONDA said its production facility will shut down next month, as the Japanese automaker struggles to shore up global automobile operations. Japan’s third-largest automaker has seen its profitability decline by more than half in the past 2 years, led by a series of quality-related issues. In a statement, Honda Cars Philippines said its production plant south of the capital Manila will cease operations next month. But automobile sales and after-sales services will continue through Honda’s regional network. “To meet Honda’s customer needs in the Philippines for reasonably priced and good quality products, Honda considered efficient allocation and distribution of resources”, the company said. Production will focus on other hubs in Asia and Oceania, it added. Honda Philippines’ manufacturing plant, which has 650 employees and associates, started operations in 1992. It makes BR-V and City passenger cars catering to local demand. The Philippines’ automotive output is a minnow compared with its Southeast Asian peers, notably Thailand. A government tax incentive program launched in 2015 has failed to significantly raise the country’s local auto production. +++ 

+++ Automakers from JAPAN delayed the restart of plants in China near the epicenter of a coronavirus outbreak, complying with authorities’ directives, but raising the risk of further supply disruptions that could hit global car production. Nissan said it would keep its plants in Xianyang in the central province of Hubei, and Zhengzhou in the neighboring province of Henan, shuttered after Monday, when it had planned to resume operations, but did not set a new date. Honda said operations at its plants in Wuhan, Hubei’s provincial capital in which the outbreak began, would remain suspended until March 11. Toyota said it would resume production on Monday at its plant in Chengdu in the southwestern province of Sichuan, returning all 4 of its China assembly plants to operation from next week, but output would be limited at some. In an email, Nissan said its delay was due to a directive by government authorities in Hubei asking firms to keep operations shut through March 10. Output issues at suppliers were also affecting vehicle production, it said. The virus, which has killed more than 2.200 in mainland China, has wreaked havoc on the global automotive supply chain, stalling production at plants there and leaving automakers scrambling to source the roughly 30.000 parts each car needs. “Wuhan is a city which produces virtually every type of component used in vehicles”, said Takeshi Miyao, managing director of consultancy Carnorama. “So not only are vehicle assembly plants in the city unable to source parts, vehicle plants all over the world which source parts from Wuhan are being affected”. He added that where possible automakers were securing parts from suppliers’ plants elsewhere. Some automakers were taking more direct approaches to procurement. This week, Jaguar Land Rover said it had flown Chinese parts in suitcases to Britain to maintain production, and could run out of components in 2 weeks. China’s manufacturing sector is struggling to restart after an extended Lunar New Year break, hindered by travel and quarantine curbs across the country. The suspension of output at Nissan’s 2 plants, which make the X-Trail and the Altima sedan in a joint venture with China’s Dongfeng Motor, comes as the automaker struggles to recover profitability after the arrest of its former chairman, Carlos Ghosn, in 2018. Nissan has also cut output at some Japan plants over issues with procuring components, but said there had been no impact on other global plants. +++

+++ MASERATI will call its upcoming supercar the MC20. It will have an advanced electric powertrain, Maserati said in a news release without giving further details. The MC20 is expected to go on sale in 2021 as a rival to the Ferrari F8 Tributo and Lamborghini Huracan models. The MC20 name underlines the sporting credentials of the new model, Maserati said. With the MC20, Maserati will return to racing, the automaker said. MC is the acronym of Maserati Corse (Maserati Racing) and 20 refers to 2020. Maserati’s first racing car was the Tipo 26, where the number indicated the year of its manufacture. The MC20 is a “natural evolution” of the MC12, the car that in 2004 marked Maserati’s return to racing after 37 years, the automaker said. The MC12 won 22 races from 2004 to 2010 including 3 victories in the 24 Hours of Spa Francorchamps endurance event in Belgium and 14 championship titles in the FIA GT from 2004 to 2010. The MC20 will be unveiled at an event in May at Maserati’s headquarters in Modena, Italy. It will be built at Maserati’s plant there. Maserati is launching 10 new or updated models between 2020 and 2023, according to its latest business plan. The Quattroporte and Levante will get facelifts this year. A midsize SUV positioned below the Levante will be launched next year. The new Granturismo and GranCabrio models, due in 2021 and 2022 respectively, will be offered only as battery-powered cars. Production of the 2 cars ended in November 2019. Maserati’s first electrified car will be a hybrid version of the Ghibli sedan. The Ghibli hybrid was due to be unveiled at the Beijing auto show on April 21. The show has been postponed due to the coronavirus outbreak and Maserati has yet to decide where and when to unveil the car. +++ 

+++ Developers of SELF DRIVING CARS are amping up criticism of a California reporting requirement on test data, saying the data could mislead, as the state prepares to release the latest results for 2019. Companies such as General Motors’ Cruise and startup Aurora have said the metric, called disengagements, is not an accurate or relevant way to measure their technical progress, even though it is widely used to do just that. The debate is taking on more importance amid delays in the rollout of self-driving vehicles and concerns over a lack of regulation and the prospects for profitability for the companies that make such vehicles. The focus on disengagements (when a human driver must take manual control from a self-driving system) and the backlash from self-driving companies have been growing since the California Department of Motor Vehicles began releasing annual disengagement reports 5 years ago. California requires all companies testing self-driving vehicles on public roads to submit an annual report on disengagements and what caused them, “written in plain language”. In 2018, the companies with the most miles between disengagements were Alphabet’s Waymo and Cruise. Companies with the greatest number of disengagements were Apple and Uber Technologies. In a February 2019 blog post, Waymo wrote that “the key to self-driving technology safely improving and scaling is through a robust breadth of experience and scenario testing, represented by a wider array of data points beyond disengagement alone”. In the same post, Waymo noted its disengagement rate in 2018 dropped 50 % from the previous year, while miles between disengagements nearly doubled. Self-driving companies say the disengagement data can draw unfair comparisons between companies and their self-driving technology. Aurora co-founder Chris Urmson, who previously headed Waymo’s self-driving program, wrote last month that “these numbers mean little when there’s no clear definition of what constitutes a disengagement”. Cruise co-founder Kyle Vogt expressed similar concerns in a blog post last month, adding: “The general public and regulators deserve hard, empirical evidence that an autonomous vehicle has performance that is super-human”, that is, better than the average human driver, if the deployment of that technology is to have “a positive overall impact on automotive safety and public health”. +++ 

+++ VOLVO has been one of the leading proponents of the industry’s long-term quest for fully autonomous cars. But now it has become the latest to dial back its overall ambition and to clarify how it views the technology developing. The next XC90, due in 2022, will be fitted with the advanced hardware and software needed to allow for eyes-off and hands-off automated driving on highways where conditions allow. What’s made clear by Volvo is that it will be up to the system to decide if the road conditions are safe to be driven in that way, and it will never be a system that means a car is autonomous 100% of the time. Volvo boss Håkan Samuelsson said: “The cars will have functionality that we will improve every year: step by step, to certain speeds, and then being able to work on more roads and at higher speeds”. He described an end game of the technology allowing for eyes-off and hands-off driving on motorways where the environment is able to be better controlled (and predicted) by the technology, rather than the more chaotic nature of city streets. Perhaps the perceived rise of autonomous cars has been an issue of semantics. The term ‘autonomous cars’ causes people to think of cars driving independently of their drivers. Samuelsson says Volvo’s technology would be perceived as autonomous by customers “whatever it is called” yet there is a “need to think carefully about what we call it”. Volvo has also sold Uber units of its XC90 to use for its own autonomous car development and Samuelsson describes these as permanently autonomous “robo taxis”, whereas Volvos fitted with automated technology will always be cars where the driver is expected to be in control when the system decides autonomous driving is no longer safe. The trouble that Uber and others are having in getting this technology working confirms what many thought when talk of autonomous cars became all the rage in the industry seven or eight years ago: that even if the technology hurdles could be overcome, the legislative, infrastructure and even moral concerns would be too great, given the random and diverse nature of so many road networks around the world. Motorway driving is probably as controlled an environment as you can get (with certain caveats and conditional changes, of course) so don’t expect Volvo to be the last to provide a clearer and more logical route to automated driving that can actually be realised. +++

Reageren is niet mogelijk.